What is a Trustless Exchange?

Centralized Exchange Risks

Honest mistake or not the result is the same, Fcoin cannot process withdrawals as its reserves cannot cope up with the demand of its customers. According to Zhang Jian, the former Huobi CTO who launched FCoin in May 2018, the failure was a result of internal system error that has over credited users with rewards coming from its transaction-based mining activities and a bad business decision to buy back its own utility token, Fcoin Token, in an effort to drive up demand for the utility token.

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Zhang, however, has promised to personally and manually process withdrawals using profits from his other business endeavors which he hopes will cover some of the $130M Bitcoin Shortfall. While many are doubtful that he will be able to do so this situation would have been averted if it had set up a complete back-end auditing system that would have properly managed its treasury. In fairness to Fcoin’s management, they eventually did in mid-2019 but the damage proved to be unsurmountable.

Now users have no idea where their money are. Was it used to reward people who are participating in transaction-based mining or did the FCoin management team use it to buy back its own utility token to artificially drive up demand? No one can be totally sure as there is a total lack of transparency. Regretfully this opaqueness is a common practice to many CEX operations as they lump together the digital assets of its customers into a few digital wallets. When this happens there is no way for customers where their digital assets are located exactly.

Control of Digital Assets

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This will never happen in decentralized exchanges (DEX). First of all, DEXs do not have a user account system. Customers use their own personal digital wallets to interact with the order books of the DEX. In addition to this, transactions in DEX are on-chain, real-time and verifiable in real-time using blockchain. This gives DEXs unparalleled transparency compared to Centralized Exchanges. All transactions in DEXs need to be triggered and approved by the asset owner through their wallets making it impossible for organizations like FCoin to spend users funds.

By allowing users to use their own personal digital wallets, DEXs guarantee transparency of transactions and asset security without touching the user’s private key. There is no moment where the user loses possession of their digital asset, not until the users themselves make orders in the DEX to take up positions or execute a market trade. Using private wallets that users only know the private keys is already a very strong security feature that no centralized exchange could ever equal. DEXs enables users to leverage the power of blockchain technology to protect their assets in trades.

Beyond and Above Other DEXs

The two well-known cybersecurity firms conducted a comprehensive security audit of Newdex’s smart contract scrutinizing its design logic, controls, and system architecture. The implementation of smart contracts for matching and settlement on-chain allows the entire process of the user’s pending order, order matching, and asset settlement executed in the EOS chain. Newdex deployed the matching and settlement on-chain smart contract in July 2019, which offers its users unprecedented transparency and trustlessness.

This makes Newdex one of the most decentralized DEX in the industry where users can validate and check the entire process of the transactions. This means that even if the Newdex’s website cannot be logged in it will not affect the normal operation of the transaction. This is perhaps the highest level of transparency any DEX can offer. Furthermore, this gives users a more “Trustless” solution as they don’t need to trust Newdex to guarantee a transaction will push through, irreversible and final. The blockchain will guarantee it thus creating a truly unstoppable and censorship-resistant trading venue.

Why is it called Trustless?

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Furthermore, trustless exchanges do not require their users to trust them with their digital assets. There is no act of transferring custody of users’ digital assets hence users never lost control of them. Since all users never give up the possession of their assets, there is no need to “trust” when dealing with these types of exchanges hence, the name Trustless Exchange.

Blockchain/crypto enthusiast from the Philippines.

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